Combination skin – oily in the T-zone and dehydrated on the cheeks – is the most common skin type that adults usually have to deal with. It is characterized by hydro-lipid balance disorder, combining the features of oily and dry skin. The so-called T-zone is an oily skin on forehead, nose and chin that produces excessive amounts of sebum, with tendency to dilated pores, blackheads and imperfections. The skin on cheeks and neck, due to lack of sebum and a protective lipid layer, remains dehydrated, tight, rough or even flaking, sensitive and prone to irritations.
One of the main causes of acne changes on combination or oily skin is hormone factors responsible for excessive seborrhoea. However, not only the excessive sebum production causes imperfections. The calloused epidermis is peeling slower and blocks the opening of the sebaceous glands keeping secretion inside. First, it leads to blackheads – small papules that can be covered by black “roof” of oxidized keratin. Some blackheads accumulate more secretion and draw inflammatory cells from blood, which enlarges the papule. The inflammatory skin changes, redness and burning occur and the skin becomes rough. The disease is most active during puberty. Recently, however, there are many cases of acne affecting adults – it is not that intensive and is usually found only on the face.
The daily care of combination skin is focused on two zones: oily and dry. Cleansing products for oily zone should contain mild, natural surface-active agents facilitating peeling of epidermis (e.g. extract of willow bark, sodium salicylate) and ingredients regulating the activity of the sebaceous glands (e.g. zinc, copper, extract of hazelnuts). Additionally, such products should contain soothing ingredients (e.g. allantoin or D-Panthenol). To take care of the oily zone, one should apply creams correcting the activity of the sebaceous glands or matting creams acting as make-up base, sunscreen creams and moisturizing creams. One of the most common and basic mistakes in handling oily and prone to acne skin is avoiding moisturizing.
Proper combination skin care combats imperfections, smoothens and brightens the skin, which helps us restore its freshness and radiance.
Do you know that…?
- Blemishes and imperfections that adults have to deal with are caused not only by hormones, but also stress, cigarette smoke, UV radiation, medicines or improperly matched cosmetics.
- Acne is a large-scale problem that affects even 80% of people in the age between 11 and 30 years, and sometimes even people in their 40s.